The Twelve Apostles (battleship,
"Twelve Apostles" - Russian sailing ship of the line I rank, was set
afloat on the Nikolaev shipyard in 1841 . Subsequently, the stocks
went down two similar ships, " Paris "( 1849 ) and " The Grand Duke
Constantine "( 1852 ). Was part of the Black Sea Fleet , took part
in the defense of Sevastopol , during which in February 1855 was
flooded. In autumn 1861 , after a failed attempt to climb blown up.
Depicted on the eight paintings I. Aivazovsky , including the
painting "The Ship" Twelve Apostles "," ( 1897 ).
The first captain of the "Twelve Apostles" was Vladimir Kornilov .
He established a strict discipline on board, the level of
preparation of the team at that time was also high. In 1845 Nicholas
I spent the views of Black Sea Fleet (held every 7 years), and the
"Twelve Apostles" most of the summer was the Grand Duke Konstantin
As in 1847 - in 1848 Kornilov was sent to London to buy a
steam-frigate . The new commander of the ship was Lieutenant
Commander VA Ergomyshev. In 1849 - 1 853 ship's captain was A. I.
Panfilov . In the summer of 1850 the "Twelve Apostles" revisited
In 1853 the ship was held last peaceful teachings. In September,
before the start of the Crimean War , he moved 1,466 soldiers and
officers from Sevastopol to the Caucasus. Because of congestion on
it opened a leak, repair lasted until February 1854 . Because of
this, the "Twelve Apostles" was unable to participate in the Battle
of Sinop .
Upon completion of repair ship under the command of H. Vink joined
the squadron that defended Sevastopol raid. When in June 1854
surpassing the Anglo-French-Turkish forces blockaded the Russian
fleet in Sevastopol , on the "Twelve Apostles" took off part of the
guns (mostly bombicheskih) to strengthen coastal artillery. Built on
the basis of their battery is called "Dvenadtsatiapostolskaya."
18 (30) December 1854 on the orders of P. Nakhimov the ship is
arranged hospital. 6 (18) February 1855 he was ordered to prepare
the "Twelve Apostles" to the flooding, and in the night from 13 to
14 February (from 25 to 26 February ), the battleship was sunk
between Nicholas and St. Michael's batteries. Ship because of its
large size, deep in mud, so when two years later, work began on
clearing the channel , pick it failed. In autumn 1861 it was blown